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Drive Nasıl Motive Oluruz? Nasıl Motive Ederiz? PDF, ePub eBook


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Title: Drive Nasıl Motive Oluruz? Nasıl Motive Ederiz?
Author: Daniel H. Pink
Publisher: Published January 15th 2015 by MEDİACAT KİTAPLARI (first published 2008)
ISBN: 9786055755614
Status : FREE Rating :
4.6 out of 5

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Drıve, sizi düşünmeye ve harekete geçmeye teşvik eden nadir kitaplardan. Yazar, ortaya koyduğu güçlü ve bilimsel savlarla motivasyon olgusunu yeniden düşünmemizi sağlarken, bize hayatımızı değiştirmek için ihtiyaç duyacağımız araçları da sağlıyor.” Dr. Mehmet Öz Johnny Bunko’nun Maceraları ve Aklın Yeni Sınırları kitaplarının yazarı Daniel H. Pink, bizi gerçekte nelerin mot Drıve, sizi düşünmeye ve harekete geçmeye teşvik eden nadir kitaplardan. Yazar, ortaya koyduğu güçlü ve bilimsel savlarla motivasyon olgusunu yeniden düşünmemizi sağlarken, bize hayatımızı değiştirmek için ihtiyaç duyacağımız araçları da sağlıyor.” Dr. Mehmet Öz Johnny Bunko’nun Maceraları ve Aklın Yeni Sınırları kitaplarının yazarı Daniel H. Pink, bizi gerçekte nelerin motive ettiğine dair, bildik tüm klişeleri kıran bir kitapla karşımızda. Pink, klişeleri kırmakla kalmıyor, bu yeni bilgilerle daha verimli çalışmanın, daha iyi yaşamanın yollarını da gösteriyor. Birçoğumuz, kendimizi ve başkalarını motive etmenin en iyi yolunun para gibi harici ödüller olduğunu düşünür, ödül-ceza sisteminin etkinliğine inanırız. Daniel H. Pink, kışkırtıcı ve ikna edici yeni kitabında bunun bir yanılgı olduğunu söylüyor. Pink, insan motivasyonu konusunda yapılmış kırk yıllık bilimsel araştırma birikimine dayanarak yazdığı bu kitabında, bilimin bildiği ile iş dünyasının yaptığı arasındaki uçuruma dikkat çekiyor ve bunun hayatımızın her boyutunu nasıl etkilediğini irdeliyor.

30 review for Drive Nasıl Motive Oluruz? Nasıl Motive Ederiz?

  1. 4 out of 5

    Ken

    Why am I writing this review on Goodreads, anyway? I'm not getting paid for it. There are plenty of other things I should be doing. And it's not like I have a coterie of devoted followers waiting with bated breath for my next review (in fact, the vast majority of reviews I write here get zero comments and zero "likes"). So why, then? DRIVE has the answer. I do it for me. I do it for intrinsic reasons and thumb my nose at the world of extrinsic ones. I do it because I derive personal pleasure from Why am I writing this review on Goodreads, anyway? I'm not getting paid for it. There are plenty of other things I should be doing. And it's not like I have a coterie of devoted followers waiting with bated breath for my next review (in fact, the vast majority of reviews I write here get zero comments and zero "likes"). So why, then? DRIVE has the answer. I do it for me. I do it for intrinsic reasons and thumb my nose at the world of extrinsic ones. I do it because I derive personal pleasure from it, because it challenges me to summarize and critique succinctly, because I am free to be funny, irreverent, scholarly, deadpan, conventional, or wacky. Now THAT'S incentive! And you don't even have to read this whole book to get Daniel Pink's message. For one, he sums up each chapter in a pecan shell at the end of the book, so you can read that instead next time you're at Barnes & Noble. Or you can visit the TED website and watch Pink sum up his message in a speech for free. But if you want the dirty details, read the book. It's fast, it's easy, it's enlightening. The book is chiefly geared toward the business community, but has ramifications for all of us and, in my case, for the education community (where I first saw it recommended). It debunks the myth of the carrot and stick, that rewards get results and sticks get results -- always. No, no, no. Science, Pink says, proves otherwise. And he parades one case study after another to make his point. Perhaps the most salient is the encyclopedia example. Back in 1995, Microsoft paid writers big bucks to write Encarta, an encyclopedia it sold on CD and as software. Only, around 10 years later, Bill Gates' boys had to wave the white flag and fold up camp, vanquished and defeated by a competitor that paid no one -- not a bloody dime -- and offered its encyclopedia for free. That competitor? Wikipedia. Written by everyday Joes and Josephines the world over. For nothing. Then there was the Swedish blood bank. Its administrators decided to cash in by switching from a donation model to a pay-to-bleed model. What happened? Blood donations plummeted. Why? Swedes preferred to give blood for humane reasons, not for blood money. They did it for intrinsic reasons, not extrinsic ones. So what does this mean to businesses? It means the old ways of dictatorial managers overseeing not-to-be-trusted worker bees are over. If, Pink says, you give workers THREE gifts -- autonomy, mastery, and purpose -- they will work like hell for you (because it's as much for THEM). In many ways it makes sense. Given the choice, humans will work for less money if a company offers them more leeway, creative outlets, flexibility, challenges with long-term goals, camaraderie, and raison d'être's (so to speak). Pink points to our childhoods. We're all born with a built-in hunger to learn, to challenge ourselves, to WORK, but schools (and then workplaces) beat it out of us with monotony and inanity, dullness and repetition. What if you got a "FedEx Friday" every week -- a day to work on any project toward the company's cause you wished, as long as you presented your results to co-workers and admins the following Monday? That's how Post-It notes were invented by a guy at 3M. The company gave its workers time to manage and challenge themselves. Voila! In education, it amounts to adding relevancy to the classroom. What's the point? How does this connect to the world and how can it be used in the student's future? Can we give students choice, provide the tools, and turn them loose while serving as mentors? Oddly, many teachers cannot and will not because they feel like they will be ceding control AND because they will no longer be doing their job the way they have always done it and/or the way THEIR teachers always did it to THEM (oh, sins of the fathers!). So, yeah. If you don't know the lessons of DRIVE, you should jump on the Autobahn and get up to speed. Really. It's not just for work -- it's for you, too. Motivate yourself. Check it out.

  2. 4 out of 5

    Paul Eckert

    I can think of a few alternate titles for this book. “The Art of Beating a Dead Horse: Your Guide to Regurgitating the Same Point in Every Chapter” “How to Filter Years of Other People’s Research into Broad Talking Points” “You Too Can Write a Book With At Least 25% Filler Material” “The Fair and Balanced Guide to Selling Your Point By Avoiding Contradictory Evidence” I jest, yet I do think the main topic of this book is important and true. I will save you the pain of reading it by stating it here: p I can think of a few alternate titles for this book. “The Art of Beating a Dead Horse: Your Guide to Regurgitating the Same Point in Every Chapter” “How to Filter Years of Other People’s Research into Broad Talking Points” “You Too Can Write a Book With At Least 25% Filler Material” “The Fair and Balanced Guide to Selling Your Point By Avoiding Contradictory Evidence” I jest, yet I do think the main topic of this book is important and true. I will save you the pain of reading it by stating it here: people with non-routine jobs are more effectively motivated by intrinsic rewards rather than extrinsic rewards. People work better when they can have autonomy over their work and pursue mastery of their skills. Appealing to an employee’s desire for intrinsic satisfaction makes for a better long term outcome for both company and employee. The problem with Pink’s book is that he says almost the exact same thing in every chapter. Instead of a progression of ideas, we instead get a boring rehash of the main point, with slightly altered words. Most of this is done by recounting specific studies that prove his main point about intrinsic motivation. However, rarely does he ever mention when intrinsic motivation doesn’t work, except when he mentions “routine, non-creative jobs”. I’d say that a lot of jobs out there are rather routine and non-creative, and I think it’s a mistake to assume that intrinsic motivation has no application for these jobs at all. Additionally, I’m skeptical of anyone that doesn’t at least mention studies that seem to contradict their main idea, which Pink never does. He builds his case by selecting slices of numerous studies, then interpreting the results to fit his narrative. Pink also talks at length about Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi’s concept of flow. I have never read “Flow”, yet I hope the concept is better explained in his book, because in Pink’s book it makes no sense. “Flow” is supposed to describe the mindset of a person when they are deeply involved in something (i.e. a star baseball player swinging at a pitch, an author writing a book, etc.), and Pink tries to say that our whole day should be filled with “flow” moments. Sounds okay, but sometimes I think it’s good to have non “flow” moments. At any rate, this whole concept is under-explained and over-utilized in this book. The best part of this book was the concept of intrinsic motivation and how it should be applied in business. Also, it is important to note that extrinsic motivators like “if-then” rewards (e.g., ‘if’ we meet the sales quota, ‘then’ you’ll receive $300) can actually be detrimental to motivation. I wish Pink would have examined the concept of intrinsic motivation in different aspects of life rather than just business. I believe, if explored more thoroughly, it could be very revealing of many different aspects of human behavior. In fact, it would be more helpful to see which motivators are best suited to specific behavioral areas. All in all, this was a poorly written book with a very interesting idea at its core.

  3. 5 out of 5

    Ian "Marvin" Graye

    From the Fictive Desk of D.J. Ian: The End is Much More Exciting than It Was Once Upon a Time The story of GoodBetterBestReads has really only just begun, but we have already become the world’s largest community of potential readers, book buyers and Kindle users who have star-rated a book at least once in the last 12 months. The problem is you can’t buy a condo or a beer off the back of potential alone. We need people to buy books, and to do that we need people who can sell books. That’s where you From the Fictive Desk of D.J. Ian: The End is Much More Exciting than It Was Once Upon a Time The story of GoodBetterBestReads has really only just begun, but we have already become the world’s largest community of potential readers, book buyers and Kindle users who have star-rated a book at least once in the last 12 months. The problem is you can’t buy a condo or a beer off the back of potential alone. We need people to buy books, and to do that we need people who can sell books. That’s where you come in. If you were ever interested in reading, writing, reviewing, we want to speak to you. We want you on our team. We could harness your skills and change your mind set for ever. We could help you exchange old passions for new. Ever wanted to turn your passion into a career? Easy. We could help you transition from your love of books to a love of sales. The Importance of Sales Look at it this way. There are so many books available now, it would be a crime not to try to sell them. There’s nothing we’ve got that we can’t sell. Without a little help from you. We love books, but let’s face it, we love them even more when they’re at your place. So we need you to find a home for every book we could possibly think of selling. And guess what, we’re totally format-neutral. Tree books, we’ve got warehouses. E-books, we’ve got cyberspace. But to be honest, if we could shift more ebooks, our staff wouldn’t have to work in smelly warehouses. Think about it. Our staff come first. The Next Chapter Do you know what the biggest problem about a community is? The 80/20 rule? Heard of that? It’s worse in cyberspace. Let us tell you. You won’t believe this. 99% of reviews on GoodBetterBestReads are written by less than one percent of the members. Did you hear that? 99%! Let’s repeat it. 99%. Let’s repeat it. 99%. Now, the thing is, we thought that by getting one percent to do all the writing, we could sell to the 100%. We placed a lot of trust in the one percent. Can you see our dilemma? A lot of people’s welfare depended on the one percent. What would happen to our cocktails and our cars and our condos, if the one percent staged a strike? Exactly, you know what we mean. You probably feel the same about your job. VULNERABLE!!! Let’s repeat it. VULNERABLE!!! And You Thought You Knew What a Staff Review Was! Let’s be totally honest with you. Our original business model was flawed. It was too highly dependent on community. There is only so long that the one percent will carry the 99%. And it’s not long. It’s unsustainable. Especially if your exit strategy is a sale to an online bookseller. We suppose we could have encouraged the 99% to do more selling. But honest, what we really want them to do is more buying. So, guess what, we decided to approach the problem a different way. What if we could reduce our dependence on the one percent? What if less people, not more, could write all of the reviews? So now we're going to get our staff to write the reviews. It's so brilliant, it's a wonder we didn't think of it earlier. This is our opportunity to talk about you. If you’re bright...If you’re talented...If you love books...If you love writing...If you love reviewing...don’t worry, it doesn’t matter. We just need you to punch out reviews. Our mission is to help people find and buy books they love. If that’s your kind of story, let’s do business. Our goal: Two million staff reviews in three years! Just think, you could write 30,000 of them!

  4. 4 out of 5

    Trevor

    This book comes with its own summary – a very handy thing: “COCKTAIL PARTY SUMMARY When it comes to motivation, there’s a gap between what science knows and what business does. Our current business operating system—which is built around external, carrot-and-stick motivators—doesn’t work and often does harm. We need an upgrade. And the science shows the way. This new approach has three essential elements: (1) Autonomy—the desire to direct our own lives; (2) Mastery—the urge to get better and better This book comes with its own summary – a very handy thing: “COCKTAIL PARTY SUMMARY When it comes to motivation, there’s a gap between what science knows and what business does. Our current business operating system—which is built around external, carrot-and-stick motivators—doesn’t work and often does harm. We need an upgrade. And the science shows the way. This new approach has three essential elements: (1) Autonomy—the desire to direct our own lives; (2) Mastery—the urge to get better and better at something that matters; and (3) Purpose—the yearning to do what we do in the service of something larger than ourselves.” Actually, it comes with a series of summaries, which I think is a really great idea. There is also a twitter summary and a chapter by chapter summary. Then there is a glossary and an index … this guy has taken to heart the ‘tell them you’re going to tell them, tell them and tell them you’ve told them’ advice. And although some reviewers have found all this annoying, I found it really useful. In fact, this is a very useful little book all around and one that nicely brings together lots of threads in the whole ‘motivation’ – ‘behavioural economics’ – ‘social theory’ nexus that I’ve taken an interest in lately. To tell you the truth, it is like this guy has been reading his way through my library. In fact, he has read more of my library than I have. Eventually I will get to Flow, for example – but he has beaten me to it, and I will also eventually read Talent is Over-rated – it is there beside the bed, but… The best of this book is that it confirms my prejudices (and, honestly, what is the point of having prejudices if not to have them confirmed?) One of my main prejudices is that money is a crap motivator. This is an idea that is discussed in part in The Upside of Irrationality, however, not nearly as well as it is discussed here. To explain this I am going to tell you a story about an ‘organisational improvement process’ I was involved in once when I was the resident union rat-bag at the City of Melbourne. Actually, the idea was a remarkably good one. I have a preference for processes that ask the people who do the work what their opinions are on how to make the work they do better. In fact, I’m not all that interested in ‘performance’ per se. I tend to think that performance is a function of other things and trying to fix performance is really tackling the problem from the wrong end. This improvement process was known as Qualitas (yes, I know, close to the worst word ever neologism-atized). The point was really good, though. It was for a team of us (four, in fact, two senior management and two union representatives) to go around the organisation and ask people what they do and if they thought there were better ways to do it. Staff were to come up with ways to make things better – according to a series of criteria – and then to work towards implementing the improvements they came up with. All good so far. Then the organisation made what was a fatal and (in hindsight and after having read lots of books on behavioural economics) completely predictable mistake. They linked the achievement of the improvements to a performance bonus. Now, you may be wondering how that could really be a fatal mistake. Surely, if people are going to be paid to do something they are going to want to do it well. Surely, they will also see how important a priority the organisation is making this and ‘put in the extra yards’ to really make things happen. Oh, if only humans were so simple. The problem is two fold. Firstly, staff had to put in many hours of work to achieve the things they set out to achieve in these improvements. Some of these things involved literally hundreds of hours work. But by linking this to pay people started adding up the additional time and effort and saying (quite rightly) that it simply didn’t add up. I can’t remember what people where going to get for achieving their aims – but I think it might have been a 1% pay bonus – or less than $10 per week on $50,000 (about average pay) before tax. People started to think they could do without the $6 a week after tax. Secondly, do you really think the organisation could afford to say staff hadn’t met their improvement objectives? And thirdly, as soon as it was linked to money people started to ‘aim low’. The point was to ‘make the target’ rather than the point of the process in the first place – to find ways to improve. In this book this problem would be discussed as a mismatch of motivators. Taking what ought to have been an intrinsic motivator and instead using an external motivator. And all this comes back to the fundamental assumption underlying most of these problems, the idea that staff in organisations simply do not want to work and will only be motivated to work if they are either punished or rewarded. I’ve worked with people who have won the lottery (quite literally) and still kept coming to work (as they loved their jobs) – so I’ve never really believed that work is just about money. And if that is the only thing you learn from this book, it is a worthwhile investment of your time. I really liked this book – the ideas are clearly set out and it has to be a good thing if people are saying that people need to be trusted to prefer to achieve things rather than to do nothing. My experience has always been that if you create the right environment people will produce remarkable work. The idea in this book of 20% time (where staff are allowed to spend 20% of their time on projects of their own choosing) is very interesting. I would like to try this out in schools if I ever get the chance. This is a very worthwhile book – if you see it in a bookshop just flick to the back and read the chapter summaries – that should be enough to encourage you to buy the damn thing.

  5. 4 out of 5

    Laura

    What frustrates me is the main premise has a contradiction that is never addressed. He begins the book with some research on monkeys that demonstrated an innate interest in solving puzzles. He then goes on to describe his big premise which is that we are are in the midst of a major motivational shift. First our motivation was our biological drives. Then came a period of motivation from structure and oversight. And now we want autonomy to determine our own motivation. But Pink's presentation on t What frustrates me is the main premise has a contradiction that is never addressed. He begins the book with some research on monkeys that demonstrated an innate interest in solving puzzles. He then goes on to describe his big premise which is that we are are in the midst of a major motivational shift. First our motivation was our biological drives. Then came a period of motivation from structure and oversight. And now we want autonomy to determine our own motivation. But Pink's presentation on the monkeys demonstrates that 'even' they are intrinsically motivated to solve puzzles. His premise that since we've shifted to more creative tasks - a new age has arrived. We need to be more aware of intrinsic motivation and create the climate for it to flourish. I think it artificially makes us 'more' different than past generations. And he does acknowledge that past generations were successful in the old model. I don't think we've changed that much. Sometimes we like to be rewarded for accomplishing simple tasks efficiently and other times we like to be challenged by something creative. And therefore the basic analysis seems incomplete. I do agree that motivation and goal setting is a tricky business that is often misunderstood. And negative results occur from seemingly good intentions - rewarding people to do something they want to do for an intrinsic reason. It's difficult for me to let go of this flaw. By overstating the shift, the book plays into the sense of "oh no the world is getting more complex so we have to get more creative". So while the book covers some good ideas about motivation, I am cautious about the presentation.

  6. 4 out of 5

    Jeanette "Astute Crabbist"

    So, I listened to this entire book about motivation, and I can't figure out why I don't feel motivated to write a review. No carrot, no stick, no review.

  7. 4 out of 5

    Phoebe

    Only the first chapter is necessary. The rest is repetitious and filled with soon-to-be-obsolete computer metaphors. However, I've been thinking a lot about this book since I read it (a few weeks ago?), so two stars was perhaps a stingy rating. Everywhere I go lately, I see examples of poorly-designed systems, destined to kill people's intrinsic motivation. I recently read "Unconditional Parenting" by Alfie Kohn. Kohn's premise is basically that rewarding and punishing children for acting in cert Only the first chapter is necessary. The rest is repetitious and filled with soon-to-be-obsolete computer metaphors. However, I've been thinking a lot about this book since I read it (a few weeks ago?), so two stars was perhaps a stingy rating. Everywhere I go lately, I see examples of poorly-designed systems, destined to kill people's intrinsic motivation. I recently read "Unconditional Parenting" by Alfie Kohn. Kohn's premise is basically that rewarding and punishing children for acting in certain ways only gives them extrinsic motivations to behave how you want and will therefore interfere with their moral development. It makes perfect sense to me that, if the reason a kid shares his toy is because he's after a sticker, he hasn't really learned about generosity.

  8. 4 out of 5

    Doug

    Some good ideas, but for once I'd like to see a book where the case studies about flexible scheduling and autonomy don't involve software companies or consultants. I'd like to see an example where they motivate DMV employees to work harder to do the same menial work, but if giving DMV employees 20% flex time for their own projects means a corresponding 20% increase in the 2 hour wait time, I'm not on board with it. I don't know why, but it bugs me when authors use software version numbers, the b Some good ideas, but for once I'd like to see a book where the case studies about flexible scheduling and autonomy don't involve software companies or consultants. I'd like to see an example where they motivate DMV employees to work harder to do the same menial work, but if giving DMV employees 20% flex time for their own projects means a corresponding 20% increase in the 2 hour wait time, I'm not on board with it. I don't know why, but it bugs me when authors use software version numbers, the book extensively compares old antiquated motivation 2.0 and new upgraded motivation 3.0 and I get it, 3 is better than 2.

  9. 4 out of 5

    Donalyn

    Reading Pink's book, I endlessly thought about teachers and what motivates us (it's NOT merit-pay) and students and what motivates them to read (it's not pizza coupons or AR points). Funny, insightful, and supported by research, Drive has far-reaching implications for our society and how we view work and the people we try to motivate.

  10. 5 out of 5

    Jay Connor

    As a consultant, I am particularly sensitive to unhelpful jargon and the creation of distinctions without a difference. Enter "Drive." This could have been so much better. As Pink presents correctly, much of the research re human motivation IS counter-intuitive to what most of us tend to think is the best way to reward, incentivize or bribe people to act in beneficial ways. Unfortunately, Pink insists on creating such a tower of babble -- "motivation 3.0," "type-I," "ROE," "if/then contingent re As a consultant, I am particularly sensitive to unhelpful jargon and the creation of distinctions without a difference. Enter "Drive." This could have been so much better. As Pink presents correctly, much of the research re human motivation IS counter-intuitive to what most of us tend to think is the best way to reward, incentivize or bribe people to act in beneficial ways. Unfortunately, Pink insists on creating such a tower of babble -- "motivation 3.0," "type-I," "ROE," "if/then contingent rewards," vs. "now/that rewards" -- that we see the cracks and not the solid surface. Further, why do consultants need to frame everything as either/or (implicit / explicit) when it is in acknowledging the shadings and spectrum that broader engagement comes? This is a book for the choir and not the congregation. So far this year, I've reviewed two other books which have done a much more effective job of covering very similar terrain: Seth Godin's "Lynchpin" and Jeff Jarvis' "What would Google do?"

  11. 4 out of 5

    Laura Noggle

    2.5 ⭐'s rounded up to 3 — Interesting approach for a hard to nail down answer. Most relevant for employers trying to extract optimum performance from employees, parents raising children, or those with general curiosity. We're born to be players, not pawns. We're meant to be autonomous individuals, not individual automatons. Best predictor of success: Grit. (I actually liked Angela Duckworth's book, "Grit," a little more than this one.) Second Law of Mastery: Mastery Is A Pain A lot of this stuff i 2.5 ⭐️'s rounded up to 3 — Interesting approach for a hard to nail down answer. Most relevant for employers trying to extract optimum performance from employees, parents raising children, or those with general curiosity. We're born to be players, not pawns. We're meant to be autonomous individuals, not individual automatons. Best predictor of success: Grit. (I actually liked Angela Duckworth's book, "Grit," a little more than this one.) Second Law of Mastery: Mastery Is A Pain A lot of this stuff is pretty basic, and seems to be more of a sweeping overview than anything applicable or too in-depth. As wonderful as flow is, the path to mastery, becoming ever better at something you care about, is not lined with daisies and spanned by a rainbow. If it were, more of us would make the trip. “Being a professional is doing the things you love to do, on the days you don’t feel like doing them.” — Julius Erving This book is a good summation of a lot of science and theories put forth by others, including a lengthy book review section at the end. If you're looking for something original or groundbreaking, look elsewhere. *However,* it is important to note that rewards don't work as a motivating factor. People are more motivated by internal drives, as opposed to external forces. If you want the best work out of people, let them have freedom and flow, don't micromanage, and don't use money as an incentive for creative output. TLDR: Save yourself the time, and check out Pink's TED Talk. Things to Ponder Even when we do get what we want, it's not always what we need. The mastery asymptote is a source of frustration. Why reach for something you can never fully attain? But it's also a source of allure. Why not reach for it? The joy is in the pursuit more than the realization. In the end, mastery attracts precisely because mastery eludes. - This quote reminded me of the more achievable moon speech by JFK: "But why, some say, the Moon? Why choose this as our goal? And they may well ask, why climb the highest mountain? Why, 35 years ago, fly the Atlantic? Why does Rice play Texas? We choose to go to the moon. We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others, too." // Our business has evolved into a ROWE, and it's much more efficient. Results Only Work Environment (ROWE): The brainchild of two American consultants, a row is a workplace in which employees don't have schedules. They don't have to be in the office at a certain time, or any time, they just have to get their work done.

  12. 5 out of 5

    Ryan

    In Drive, Daniel H. Pink suggests that there is a gap between what "science knows and what business does." I was not shocked to learn that this gap exists, and I attributed Pink's decision to emphasize the existence of this gap to what I believe is the author's drive to attract corporate speaking engagements, consultancies, and Op/Ed articles in national newspapers. If he's lucky, he could maybe land a job as a pundit. Ostensibly, Pink's purpose is to share the "surprising truth about what motiv In Drive, Daniel H. Pink suggests that there is a gap between what "science knows and what business does." I was not shocked to learn that this gap exists, and I attributed Pink's decision to emphasize the existence of this gap to what I believe is the author's drive to attract corporate speaking engagements, consultancies, and Op/Ed articles in national newspapers. If he's lucky, he could maybe land a job as a pundit. Ostensibly, Pink's purpose is to share the "surprising truth about what motivates us," and I enjoyed this book whenever I was able to view it as a book about self-determination theory rather than an advertisement for speaking engagements and consultancy. Pink's report on self-determination theory and how it affects motivation is consistently fascinating. We traditionally acknowledge two drives that inspire action. The first is the biological drive, which is intrinsic. The second drive, which arguably has more to do with the workplace than the first, is material incentives, such as salary and punishment. These are extrinsic motivators. Under this view, work is agony and we need careful structures of incentives and disincentives to control employee laziness. What Pink reports is that there is evidence of a third drive. It seems that people find satisfaction in completing tasks. In other words, people are intrinsically motivated to work and produce. The key to motivating workers here is to give them: autonomy, mastery, and purpose. If one of these is lacking, people may actually not feel motivated to work at all. So if workers seem disengaged, Pink's solution is to stop focusing on carrots and sticks and start inspiring workers to feel like human beings by shaping work to engage the third drive. My favorite example of this was when Pink contrasted two approaches to organizing call centers to illustrate 1) the power of the third drive and 2) that even work that we'd often dismiss as a McJob can benefit from this approach. Self-determination theory in the workplace gets interesting when we consider the intersection of money and the third drive. For complex tasks, carrots and sticks actually inhibit performance. Though they can help in the short-term, people that tap into the third drive almost always outperform the donkeys in the long term. Pink suggests that the most useful thing an employer can do to improve performance is to take the discussion of money off the table by offering a fair wage. So long as people make enough money that they feel they are being treated fairly, money will not stop them from performing. Next, offer them autonomy, mastery, and purpose. I found it interesting that Pink often stops to mention that most companies refuse to acknowledge the third drive. When they do acknowledge it, as Best Buy did, they often only allow middle management or higher to experience it. It's almost as though a majority of business leaders refuse to believe that their employees are human beings, as opposed to donkeys. I couldn't help thinking of the novel Fight Club, in which employees quit their jobs because Tyler Durden offers them autonomy, mastery, and purpose through an underground network called "Project Mayhem." I actually found a great deal of this discussion fascinating. However, there are some disappointing decisions in Drive. Pink is able to clearly and, for the most part, concisely explain self-determination theory in popular format. At times, there is a little too much repetition, particularly the closing chapter that offers three different summaries (Twitter, cocktail party, and chapter by chapter) of the book's message (autonomy, mastery, and purpose). More annoyingly, Pink continuously refers to the drives as "Motivation 1.0," Motivation 2.0," and "Motivation 3.0," which I found an incredibly hackneyed attempt to sound "with it." Worse, he doesn't seem to realize that "Drive" has a computer science connotation. Things are referred to as the "Zen" of management, which, yes, sounds trendy. However, if I could set up some guidelines for authors to follow, I'd suggest they actually research what "Zen" means. It is more than an art of motorcycle maintenance and many authors might be surprised to learn that its roots go back further than middle management strategies. Ultimately, I found self-determination theory extremely interesting, and I suspect that Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us will have me thinking about what I do and how I do it for a long time to come. However, it does require readers to overlook a lot of irritatingly trendy writing that tries to "connect" with the audience through "21st century power words" like "2.0," the "Zen" of compensation, and even a Twitter summary.

  13. 4 out of 5

    Carrie Kellenberger

    Are you the type of person that is motivated by money and fame, or are you someone that is motivated by having a larger purpose in life? Or are you a combination of both? Financial gain has always been a motivator for me, but I'm also the type of person that will take on extra work, new projects or volunteer my time simply because I like the work and it makes me feel good. It might sound crazy, but I'm not the only one. The volunteer industry is booming with people just like me who are looking f Are you the type of person that is motivated by money and fame, or are you someone that is motivated by having a larger purpose in life? Or are you a combination of both? Financial gain has always been a motivator for me, but I'm also the type of person that will take on extra work, new projects or volunteer my time simply because I like the work and it makes me feel good. It might sound crazy, but I'm not the only one. The volunteer industry is booming with people just like me who are looking for a personal sense of satisfaction and accomplishment that comes from donating your time to a greater cause than your own. The central idea in Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us highlights the gap between what science already knows and what businesses still do. Traditional businesses have always been centered around the premise that you reward good work with more pay, but this system often doesn't work. In some cases, it can actually do more harm than good because people tend to narrow their focus or skip steps when they have an end reward in sight. Many studies have shown that most people aren't motivated by financial rewards. They show that most of us are more motivated and fulfilled by having autonomy (the desire to direct our own lives), mastery (the desire to become better and better at something that matters) and purpose (a yearning to do what we want to do in the service of something that is bigger than we are) in our work lives. I quit my last job because I hated it, and the main reason why I hated it was because my bosses controlled every aspect of my work day. We had no freedom to do the work the way we wanted to do it. One boss in particular literally hovered over my desk to make sure that I was writing and editing something exactly the way she wanted it done, and then she'd still send it back for more revisions. I'd work my ass off and never felt that the financial reward was enough for what I was doing. I soon realized that the greatest satisfaction I get from any job has been about being able to do my work the way I want to do it, when I want to do it. I'm a natural autodidact, so I love to learn and I love to work towards bettering myself, but when I stop learning, I start stagnating. There's no purpose in taking on a job that doesn't allow you to learn and grow with it. I read this book because I'm a new business owner; my partner and I want to create a happy and healthy work environment for our employees, and also because I'm genuinely interested in the topic. I'm walking away with some terrific ideas on how to restructure our business to meet those goals.

  14. 4 out of 5

    Tomio

    This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. I picked this up on a tangential reference from Leah and blitzed through it one gorgeous afternoon. It's a pretty concise roadmap (pardon the pun) of a "new" form of motivation theory, one that is centered less on external rewards and more on internal forces. Pulling from and conglomerating a number of other recently-popular texts and concepts, it combines the concepts of flow (from the book of the same name by Mihalyi Csikszentmihalyi), 20% time (originally 3M, apparently, but recently brought I picked this up on a tangential reference from Leah and blitzed through it one gorgeous afternoon. It's a pretty concise roadmap (pardon the pun) of a "new" form of motivation theory, one that is centered less on external rewards and more on internal forces. Pulling from and conglomerating a number of other recently-popular texts and concepts, it combines the concepts of flow (from the book of the same name by Mihalyi Csikszentmihalyi), 20% time (originally 3M, apparently, but recently brought to the limelight by Google), and the as yet very unofficial "for-benefit" style organization that is starting to gain some ground. The result paints a picture very different from the traditional reward/punishment paradigm of motivation, one that speaks of self-direction, personal satisfaction, and pride in one's work (or in Pink's words, Autonomy, Mastery, and Purpose). I wax philosophic about this because it rings very true for what I have experienced in my own projects. However, there is one very obvious danger that I think Pink's excitement let pass with only minor mention, and that is balance. Autonomy is wonderful, and that variable is the reason I have loved some work and hated others. However, Autonomy still needs a certain amount of direction, and to be honest, I think it needs to be put in contrast to non-autonomous work. There needs to be the right ratio of freedom to direction, relative to the degree of self-discipline the worker has. Similarly, if mastery of a skill is asymptotic as Pink describes (and I follow that), then from an effectual, time-wrangling standpoint there has to be a cut-off point. If perfection is unattainable, then some threshold must be set to mitigate the diminishing returns. You can't keep slogging away to get that last impossible percent, and you had probably gone farther than you ever needed to at 80% mastery anyway. As far as purpose goes, I think it's not so much a danger that anyone will start waving the charity flag so hard they impale themselves on it. You need resources to support a cause, and if you aren't generating those resources, be they money or manpower or what have you, that system will come to a grinding halt pretty fast. I think the trick there will be in finding the right balance between making and giving that is both sustainable and significantly supporting the cause in question, and convincing investors that it is in their best interest for you to support the cause in the first place. I'm also not entirely convinced Pink's system will work smoothly across the board. There are some people who seem to prefer keeping their head down and following orders. There are some who just don't seek out constant self-improvement. But if this credo of intrinsic motivation spreads, I think it will eventually have a whole swath of societal benefits, ranging from the classroom to the workplace (wherever that may be) to, if one may be so hopeful, international relations. It just needs to be implemented carefully.

  15. 4 out of 5

    Michael Halligan

    I imagine this is a great book to confuse those with a lot of management theory behind them. Luckily I'm not one of those, and this book has really struck home. Pink focuses begins by focusing on describing existing management processes as a carrot and stick reward system having evolved workplace of monotonous, undesirable tasks. He introduces the work of a number of social scientists and management theorists, as well as the results of their experiments both in the lab and in the work place. He I imagine this is a great book to confuse those with a lot of management theory behind them. Luckily I'm not one of those, and this book has really struck home. Pink focuses begins by focusing on describing existing management processes as a carrot and stick reward system having evolved workplace of monotonous, undesirable tasks. He introduces the work of a number of social scientists and management theorists, as well as the results of their experiments both in the lab and in the work place. He posits that today's left-brain worked is better "managed" through intrinsic motivation, which he defines as being best facilitated when people are given Autonomy in how they do their work, given the tools to strive for Mastery in their skills, and working towards a Purpose, or a greater good. My brain has been quite active for a few days now, working out missteps I've made in the past along these guidelines, and coming up with ideas as to how to better handle similar situations in the future. It also has a quick but interesting section on fallacies in using reward systems as motivation for educating our children. Definitely a fantastic book, borrow mine!

  16. 5 out of 5

    Ken

    This book has been on my "to read" shelf for some time, and while I had read some excerpts, understood the general ideas and seen the excellent RSA Animate excerpt (http://goo.gl/zH1QH), there is far more here than is generally summed up. This book became extremely interesting because it was juxtaposed with a discussion of Walter Isaacson's biography of Steve Jobs published shortly after his death. A coworker not known for his managerial skills but who is respected for his results read the Jobs b This book has been on my "to read" shelf for some time, and while I had read some excerpts, understood the general ideas and seen the excellent RSA Animate excerpt (http://goo.gl/zH1QH), there is far more here than is generally summed up. This book became extremely interesting because it was juxtaposed with a discussion of Walter Isaacson's biography of Steve Jobs published shortly after his death. A coworker not known for his managerial skills but who is respected for his results read the Jobs book and commented that his biggest takeaway from Steve Jobs' contribution was that despite my coworker's abusive management style, he was far to kind to his employees. Jobs was notable for his often abrasive and abusive style in pursuit of better results, and many seem to believe that his willingness to disregard others in pursuit of excellence was one of the secrets to Jobs' success. Dan Pink's "Drive" offers an alternative explanation and is excellent lens into the true genius of Steve Jobs and those like him. In reality, Pink shows that the strongest results regardless of the field generally come from individuals that are intrinsically rather than externally motivated. Pounding on people in any setting produces short term results, but as Pink shows, can have disastrous long term consequences. Despite this, Jobs and other tyranical managers often show results. I suggest that the reason for their success is really in their ability to choose talent and offer vision rather than their work style. Pink shows via numerous examples that, given resources, freedom and opportunity to develop themselves, people will seek the highest and best use for themselves. While much of the book is a survey of other work (Arielly is mentioned by name, and there is much that is reminiscent of Talib and Gladwell), Pink goes further and adds some insight of his own by expanding on the idea of intrinsic versus extrinsic motivations. More importantly, he adds a series of practical suggestions for developing intrinsic motivation in a number of settings at the end of the book. Practical applications are what is most often missing from books of this genre and his suggestions are welcome. In the end the book is an easy read and is definitely not a panacea for management skill in any setting. But it delivers in the area that it should. It provides a foundation for the reader to consider specific ways they can improve themselves and others. In other words, the book makes you think.

  17. 5 out of 5

    Lars Guthrie

    In his essay about the spate of new books dealing with the effects of the internet on culture in a recent New Yorker (http://www.newyorker.com/arts/critics...), Adam Gopnik separates observers into three camps: the Never-Betters, the Better-Nevers, and the Ever-Wasers. Daniel Pink, as readers of his previous ‘A Whole New Mind,’ will guess, is a Never-Better type, seriously optimistic about our potential and the odds of achieving it. While ‘Drive’ isn’t specifically about what the Internet is doi In his essay about the spate of new books dealing with the effects of the internet on culture in a recent New Yorker (http://www.newyorker.com/arts/critics...), Adam Gopnik separates observers into three camps: the Never-Betters, the Better-Nevers, and the Ever-Wasers. Daniel Pink, as readers of his previous ‘A Whole New Mind,’ will guess, is a Never-Better type, seriously optimistic about our potential and the odds of achieving it. While ‘Drive’ isn’t specifically about what the Internet is doing to us, it is about the kind of motivation we’ll need in a new age that has come about largely because of online technology. If you can handle Pink’s relentless positivity, he makes a compelling case for reconfiguring the reward and punishment paradigm we’ve been using to get work done. Pink suggests changing the goal itself to solving problems and creating solutions. That goal will be realized when workers feel their work has purpose, and when they are given the independence to achieve competence in their own way. We need to throw out ‘Motivation 2.0’ for a new ‘operating system,’ one based on ‘Type I’ behavior, rather than ‘Type X.’ Type I types are ‘fueled more by intrinsic desires that extrinsic ones.’ Type X types are dinosaurs left over from the Industrial Age mentality exemplified by assembly-line advocate Frederick Winslow Taylor, and the behaviorist school mindset personified by B.F. Skinner. Such a revolution is grounded in work done by newer psychologists, particularly Edward Deci. Deci’s studies indicate that ‘if-then’ motivators for puzzle solvers actually result in subjects performing at a lower level than those who were offered no recompense other than the joy of solving puzzles. Deci, working with Richard Ryan, developed self-determination theory. Countering behaviorist ideas that our actions are merely the result of responses to positive or negative reinforcements, Deci and Ryan propose that what we do happens because of ‘three innate psychological needs—competence, autonomy, and relatedness.’ Pink is a staunch disciple of that philosophy. He presents his case in a most entertaining fashion. As in ‘A Whole New Mind,’ he does a wonderful job of synthesizing disparate strands of evidence, and gives readers lots of great ideas for future exploration. A couple of issues that are glossed over, however, concern me. One is economics. Pink acknowledges that on a basic level, intrinsic motivation is not enough compensation for labor. Workers should get fair wages. Indeed, he encourages employers to ‘pay more than average.’ But he never says what is fair, just that it is less than you might think. Our society runs because it has an infrastructure that is running—although these days you might wonder about that. Many infrastructure jobs are mundane—moving things in, taking things out, keeping the conduits open. People who do that work are needed, but they are often not paid well. Is that fair? Again, Pink doesn’t deny that there are routine, boring, but necessary jobs that justify ‘if-then’ rewards. He just doesn’t pay too much attention to them, or how much they are worth. Instead, he investigates creative businesses which employ progressive policies. Far more exciting. Sometimes, though, someone’s got to take out the trash. The other issue is educational. When I went through SF State’s teaching credential program a few years back, the emphasis was definitely on intrinsic motivation with students. In my subsequent work as a tutor, however, I’ve worked with many special needs kids. I’ve come to the conclusion that Special Education has a distinctly different take on extrinsic motivators—far less critical—than Regular Ed. Why is that and why does it never seem to be addressed? There are certain areas of behavior where we haven’t yet completely escaped the Skinner box.

  18. 4 out of 5

    Cath Duncan

    I got an early copy for the Bottom-line Bookclub. Look out for Drive on the shelves from 29 Dec. I'm LOVING this latest book by Dan Pink. A Whole New Mind is a stroke of genius in understanding the way that the world of work has changed, and DRIVE is a powerful extension to A Whole New Mind that argues that, because of the ways that the world of work has changed, carrot-and-stick motivation is no longer effective or desirable. Instead, he explains how you can elicit a much more powerful form of m I got an early copy for the Bottom-line Bookclub. Look out for Drive on the shelves from 29 Dec. I'm LOVING this latest book by Dan Pink. A Whole New Mind is a stroke of genius in understanding the way that the world of work has changed, and DRIVE is a powerful extension to A Whole New Mind that argues that, because of the ways that the world of work has changed, carrot-and-stick motivation is no longer effective or desirable. Instead, he explains how you can elicit a much more powerful form of motivation - intrinsic motivation, by creating opportunities for autonomy, mastery and purpose in the workplace. By the time you've read this book, because it's structured so well and written to clearly, you'll probably be able to stand up and give a lecture on the topic, and if you take a bit of time to review and do the practical exercises he suggests, then you'll be making massive changes in your workplace. Transformational stuff! You can get the Bottom-line on Drive, including my interview with Daniel Pink over here: http://www.bottomlinebookclub.com/201...

  19. 5 out of 5

    David

    This is another great book by Daniel Pink. It may be a coincidence, but just a few weeks ago I read another book on the same theme: Punished by Rewards: The Trouble With Gold Stars, Incentive Plans, A'S, Praise, and Other Bribes by Alfie Kohn. The book by Kohn was published about 20 years earlier, and tells much the same story, in a much more scholarly, and perhaps drier style. Daniel Pink's book, though, is much more readable, much shorter, and has a different slant. Rewards can be used to motiv This is another great book by Daniel Pink. It may be a coincidence, but just a few weeks ago I read another book on the same theme: Punished by Rewards: The Trouble With Gold Stars, Incentive Plans, A'S, Praise, and Other Bribes by Alfie Kohn. The book by Kohn was published about 20 years earlier, and tells much the same story, in a much more scholarly, and perhaps drier style. Daniel Pink's book, though, is much more readable, much shorter, and has a different slant. Rewards can be used to motivate people to do tasks, as long as these are repetitious, relatively mindless tasks that require little creativity or thoughtfulness. On the other hand, rewards backfire, if the tasks require creativity or original thinking of any sort. The book has an interesting approach toward motivating people with some useful guidelines.

  20. 5 out of 5

    Aljazi Al-Maghlouth

    الهدف من الكتاب هو توضيح عدم التوافق الكبير مابين ما يطرحه العلم، وخاصة علم النفس، وبين ما يقوم به الناس في قطاع الأعمال. عدم التوافق هذا في مجال عوامل التحفيز والإثارة يشكل حفرة كبير مفزعة، الجميع يكره أعمالهم ولا يرون أنها تحفيزية. المال لم يعد حافزًًا الا للبعض. العلم يوضح أن سياسات مثل سياسة العصا والجزرة، والمكافئة والعقاب، والتي نعتقد أنها طبيعية كجزء محفز للإنسان من الممكن أن يعمل بشكل حسن ولكن فقط في دائرة ظروف ضيقة. ويوضح كذلك أن سياسات مثل “اذا فعلت- فسوف تحلصل على..” هي سياسات غير مفي الهدف من الكتاب هو توضيح عدم التوافق الكبير مابين ما يطرحه العلم، وخاصة علم النفس، وبين ما يقوم به الناس في قطاع الأعمال. عدم التوافق هذا في مجال عوامل التحفيز والإثارة يشكل حفرة كبير مفزعة، الجميع يكره أعمالهم ولا يرون أنها تحفيزية. المال لم يعد حافزًًا الا للبعض. العلم يوضح أن سياسات مثل سياسة العصا والجزرة، والمكافئة والعقاب، والتي نعتقد أنها طبيعية كجزء محفز للإنسان من الممكن أن يعمل بشكل حسن ولكن فقط في دائرة ظروف ضيقة. ويوضح كذلك أن سياسات مثل “اذا فعلت- فسوف تحلصل على..” هي سياسات غير مفيد وخاصة في القرن الواحد والعشرين وتسبب تدهور في الإبداع والإنتاجية. والسر في الإنتاجية العالية والتقدم لا يعتمد على محفزات المكافئة والعقاب المعتادين ولا محفزات جمع المال والغذاء التي تعد بيولوجية، بل يعتمد على ماهو أعمق من ذلك، يعتمد على رغبة داخلية في التحكم بحياتنا بإستقلالية، في التطور وتوسيع مهاراتنا وقدراتنا الكلية والعيش بهدف مُرضي ونبيل. . عام 1961- أجرى عالم النفس “إدوراد ديسي” تجربة لقياس تأثير المكافئات المادية على الأفراد، أحضر مجموعتين من الطلاب، مجموعة “أ” ومجموعة “ب” وعرض عليهم أحجية من المكعبات ليقوموا بتركيبها بمساعدة خريطة أو دليل تركيب يدوي. مدة المهمة ساعة واحدة. في اليوم الأول أبدى جميع الطلاب بلاءًا حسنًا، وبعد إنقضاء الساعة الواحدة طلب منهم المسؤول عن المهمة الإنتظار بضع دقائق (٨-١٠ دقائق) حتى يسجل بعض المعلومات المطلوبة في جهاز الحاسب..- ولكن في تلك الأثناء كان يراقب مدى إهتمامهم بالإحجية ذاتها. كان أغلب اطلاب من كلا المجموعتين يتفقد الدليل اليدوي للتركيب وينضر لمكعبات اللعبة بحماسة وإهتمام. في اليوم الثاني، بعد إنقضاء الساعة الواحدة، عرض المسؤول عن المهمة مبلغ مادي لطلاب المجموعة “ب” يقدر ب٦ إلى ١٠ دولارات. وطلب منهم الإنتظار بضع دقائق ليسجل معلومات ما، وقام بمراقبتهم، كان كل من في المجموعة “ب” مثار الدهشة وبينوا اهتمامًا شديد باللعبة والمكعبات المتروكة أمامهم حتى انهم قاموا بتفحص الدليل عدة مرات إستعدادًا للأشكال التي سيقومون ببناءها في الأيام القادمة. المجموعة “أ” تُركت من غير مقابل وأبلت نفس الإهتمام السابق (مثل اليوم الأول) باللعبة. في اليوم الثالث، بعد انقضاء مهلة التركيب. أعتذر مسؤول المهمة من طلاب المجموعة “ب” بأنه لن يقوم بمنحهم أي مبلغ أو مقابل على التركيب في هذه المرة، وجعلهم ينتظرون نفس مدة الإنتظار السابقة وقام بمراقبة تصرفاتهم. جميع المشاركين في مجموعة “ب” انفروا من الطاولة وبدؤوا بالعبث بأشياء موجودة في غرفة التجربة وليس لها أي علاقة بالتركيب مثل تصفح المجلات والنضر عبر الباب، ولكنهم لم يبدوا أي أهتمام كالإهتمامات السابقة التي فعلوها باليوم الأول والثاني. المجموعة “أ” التي لم تحصل على أي مقابل في الثلاث أيام استمرت علي نفس الإهتمام ذاته. النتيجة هنا هو أنه اذا تكيفت مجموعة ما على المقابل المادي لن تقوم بالمهمة الا به. وان المقابل المادي لن يستمر طويلًا في التحفيز!! . هنالك شكلين من الأعمال، الشكل الأول حسابي، والشكال الآخر إكتشافي. في المهام الحسابية نقصد المهام المألوفة التي تتبع تعليمات مبنية مسبقًا وتصل بنا لنتيجة نهائية، شي يشبه الروتين والتكرار، مثل أعمال القانون، المحاسبة. أما في الأعمال الإكتشفاية فلا يوجد تعليمات محددة تتبعها لتنفذ المهمة، انت تكتشف المعلومات وكل مشكله تمر عليك تعتبر فريدة لا يوجد لها سابقة. انت هنا تكتشف الحلول. خلال القرن الماضي كانت أغلب المهام حسابية، والمؤثر الدافع للقيام بها هو محفزات للبقاء مثل طلب المال والغذاء ومحفزات مثل الترهيب والترغيب. أما الآن وبواسطة وجود برامج المعلومات، أصبحت الكثير من المهام تُنفذ بواسطة الحاسب ولا يوجد الزام لوجود شخص يقوم بها. في المقابل الكثير من المهام أصبحت أكتشافية وتتضمن حل مشاكل لا يوجد لها حل مسبق، أكتشاف أو اختراع مواد لا يدرك العالم أنه بالفعل في حاجة ماسة لها، المهام الإستكشفاية تحتاج إبداع ولا تعتمد على المحفزات البيولوجيكية مثل الغذاء والمال. هذه المهام الإستكشافية تحتاج إلى محفزات جديدة تناسب القرن الواحد والعشرين محفزات تشعر أن الإنسان أصبح إنسان منفرد وبعقلية مستقلة ولا يعمل كالآلات. الثلاثة محفزات الرئيسية التي تقود الإنسان: ١- محفز بيولوجي، مثل إيجاد الغذاء. ٢- محفز الترغيب والترهيب والذي يتبع سياسة العصا والجزرة. ٣- محفز داخلي ينبع من حاجة الشخص للإستقلال والتميز. . المحفز رقم٢، ينقاد ويعتمد إعتماد أساسي بالرغبات الخارجية مثل رغبات الأشخاص في بناء الشهرة، و المال. (رغبات خارجية) أما المحفز رقم٣، ينقاد بواسطة رغبات داخلية مثل رغبات الشخص في التعلم، التطور وبناء المهارة. (رغبات داخلية). أصحاب الرغبات الداخلية يستجيبون أكثر للمحفز رقم٢، يهتمون بالمقابل المادي أكثر وهم يحملون رضى نفسي أقل بكثير من أصحاب الرغبات الداخلية. لكن اللي نحتاجة في عصرنا الحالي هم أصحاب الرغبات الداخلية، هم أشخاص مع مهازات قيادية أقوى، صحة أفضل، حياة ممتعة أكثر. لما سياسة العصا والجزرة تتدخل في المحفز الثالث، تسبب إحباط وعدم قبول، لان هذا النوع من المحفزات “اذا-سوف” يعطي أصحابه أقل مما يريدون، ويحطم الأداء طويل الأمد، ويعكر صفو التفكير قصير الأمد لان الشخص بيضل يفكر بالمقابل في إثناء أداءه للمهمة، ويقضي على كل الإبداع، ويخلق شي من الإدمان السلبي للمقابلات المادية! لكي نقوم بتفعيل المحفز رقم٣، لكي يعمل على أفضل وجه نحتاج إلى ثلاثة عوامل: الإستقلال، البراعة، الغاية. الإستقلال: تم جمع عدد من الرساميين وتم الطلب منهم بأن يقوموا بتقليد خمسة رسومات موجودة، وان يبتكروا خمسة رسومات أخرى من مخيلتهم، النتيجة هي ان الرسومات المبتكرة حضيت على إعجاب أكبر من قبل المحكمين على التجربة وحضي الرسامون خلال تنفيذهم برضى نفسي وعملوا بإتقان أكبر في الرسومات التي كانت من إبتكارهم وليست المقلدة، كل ذلك يدل على ان الإستقلال جزء من حرية الشخص، الحرية التي تجعله ينفرد بأفكاره من غير أوامر أو فروض واجبة عليه، الحرية سبيل للإبداع وخاصة في أعمال القرن الواحد والعشرين. إعداداتنا النفسية الإفتراضة تحكم وجود الإستقلالية كدافع إساسي لإنجاز الأعمال والحصول على الرضى. ولكن الضروف التي تتظمن الإدارة السيئة تغير من إستقلالية الشخص وتجعله يتبع المحفز رقم٢، بدلًا من المحفز رقم٣. ولكي تتغلب على المحفز رقم ٢، يجب أن يكون لديك السيطرة في خيارات مهمة في مهامك مثل : كيف تعمل (الطريقة التي تود اتمام عملك بها)، متى تعمل (الوقت) ومن تعمل معهم (أفراد المجموعة). البراعة: المحفز رقم٢، يتطلب الإلتزام والإذعان بينما المحفز رقم٣، يتطلب جذب الإنتباه، لأن جذب الإنتباه يصنع البراعة، يجذب انتباهك ليجعلك تتقن شيء. البراعة في العمل امر مهم في محفزات رقم٣. البراعة تخلق شعور مثل الطوفان او العوم، ذلك الشعور الذي نحس به عندما نقوم بشي نستمتع به ولا نشعر بمرور الوقت معه ولا نشعر بأنفسنا، هذا العوم مسؤول في بقائنا في نفس الحالة النفسية الصحية التي نحاول الحفاظ عليها. تم الطلب من مجموعة عدم القيام بأي أعمال ممتعة لمدة ثلاث أيام، حتى وان كانت تلك الأعمال مثل غسيل الأطباق اذا كانت تمنح متعة أو شعور العوم لصاحبها، وكانت النتيجة انه وفي اليوم الأول شعر المشاركون في المجموعة بصداع وإكتئاب غير مبرر. هذه الأعمال البسيطة قد لا تتطلب مهارات جمة ولكن القيام بها يتعبر براعة لانها توافق مستوى قدراتنا كأفراد من غير تصعيب. البراعة تتطلب أن ننضر إلى قدراتنا على إنها لا منتهية. البراعة تعني أيضًا الألم. تحتاج الى الجهد، والممارسة. الغاية الناس بالطبيعة يطلبون الهدف، سبب يجعلهم يتحملون أكثر من طاقتهم. المحفز رقم٢، لا يؤمن بالغايات ولكن المحفز رقم٣، فالغايات تشكل وقود دافع وقوي لكل الأعمال التي يقوم بها وهي ما تحفز الناس على القيام بالمهام التطوعية أفضل من المهام الإلزامية لان التطوع له غايات واضحه.. لكي نفعل الغايات نستخدم الأهداف المشتركة، قوة الكلمات ثم نلجأ للقوانين. الكتاب جدًا رائع وعملي تقيمي له ٥ من ٥! :)

  21. 4 out of 5

    Fiona Leonard

    As a homeschooling, self employed person, this book didn't come as a huge surprise, but it is one that I really enjoyed. I suspect it is because this is a book that sets down on paper what your gut has been telling you for years. Drawing on decades of research and numerous commercial case studies, Daniel Pink unpacks and refutes the notion that the carrot and stick approach is an optimal approach to management. Pink asserts that while financial incentives may provide an initial motivational spike As a homeschooling, self employed person, this book didn't come as a huge surprise, but it is one that I really enjoyed. I suspect it is because this is a book that sets down on paper what your gut has been telling you for years. Drawing on decades of research and numerous commercial case studies, Daniel Pink unpacks and refutes the notion that the carrot and stick approach is an optimal approach to management. Pink asserts that while financial incentives may provide an initial motivational spike, to achieve long term results you need to look to less tangible incentives like autonomy, mastery and purpose. He looks in particular at the business models that have emerged over the last decade that are throwing standard approaches out the window. While he asserts that people have baseline financial needs, business models like open source software or Wikipedia provide a window to a world where people are driven by a whole new set of motivators. As someone who reads a lot about education models and approaches, much of what Pink has to say rang true. But what I found really interesting was the range of 'standard practises' that he, scientists and companies are now beginning to question because not only do they fail to motivate staff, but are being shown to increase attrition rates, and lower corporate performance - things like billable hours for lawyers and commission payments for sales teams. What's inspiring about the case studies is seeing the evolution of ideas like working from home. Pink provides some fascinating research on the rise of 'homeshoring' by companies looking at alternatives to relocating their call centres offshore. Rather than looking solely at tapping into cheap labour, homeshoring looks to access a workforce that is effectively off the business grid - people like mothers, retirees, or those with disabilities who require a greater flexibility in their working environment. If you've ever been one of those off the grid types, you won't be surprised to hear that this new workforce is better educated - around 70-80% of homeshored customer service agents are college educated - and is consistently delivering a higher quality service than the conventional approach, whilst still being cost effective. My only criticism of the book is that it is confined to conventional workplaces. There's considerable scope to take the ideas and research outlined here and explore them in the context of the current generation of entrepreneurs and self employed. The world of homeschooling also provides a whole other case study for a study of motivation. (It doesn't take a homeschooling parent long to realise that the threat of suspending a student from school carries little weight!) This book is really worth a read, but if you would prefer a quick snapshot of the basic principles, check out Pink's Ted Talk on the subject. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rrkrvA...

  22. 5 out of 5

    Amanda

    Amanda's Informal Notes: Surprisingly, pretty darn fascinating. I don't usually read a lot of non-fiction, so it took me a bit to get used to the author's style, but I'm glad I pushed through because Drive gave me some great food for thought: -So for hundreds of years, businesses have been modeled around the idea that people don't have any inherent motivation to work. To keep your workforce productive, you have to reward employees for good behavior (i.e. money and recognition) and punish them for Amanda's Informal Notes: Surprisingly, pretty darn fascinating. I don't usually read a lot of non-fiction, so it took me a bit to get used to the author's style, but I'm glad I pushed through because Drive gave me some great food for thought: -So for hundreds of years, businesses have been modeled around the idea that people don't have any inherent motivation to work. To keep your workforce productive, you have to reward employees for good behavior (i.e. money and recognition) and punish them for bad (reprimands and firing). -But science is demonstrating that humans possess a powerful third drive that Pink calls "intrinsic motivation." In a nutshell, people (and monkeys for that matter) solve puzzles because it's fun. Finding the answer is a reward in itself, which makes perfect sense if you think about it. -Unfortunately, blanket application of the business world's carrot-and-stick theory can even harm our intrinsic desire to work and create. It's like when I tried Interior Design; once you turned it into work, it sucked all the fun out of it. -Of course, we all require some basic amount of money/comfort (what Pink calls "hygiene factors") in our jobs. He says employers should satisfy these needs enough to take them off the table, but beyond that, if they really want motivated workers, they should better support employees' intrinsic drive. I'd definitely rather take a basic amount of money to do something I really enjoy than a ton of money to do something I hate. -Pink also points out how technology has removed the necessity for a lot of monotony in our jobs. Because the mindless stuff can be automated, people are left with the complex tasks. As a result, all of our jobs are requiring more creativity. His example was accountants before and after Excel. -He proposes that most people want to work hard and do a good job, and businesses should make policies based on THAT majority- not punish everyone because of the small percentage that would take advantage. -In Pink's words, "People need autonomy over task (what they do), time (when they do it), team (who they do it with), and technique (how they do it)." Sounds nice, right? -He gives several examples of companies with extremely flexible schedules or that set aside time for each employee to pursue their own projects and how everyone has profited from those decisions. Some of these ideas seem to really only apply to the software world, but several really could be implemented almost anywhere. -Finally, Pink thinks to be most successful, we should maximize "flow," those times when your abilities are perfectly matched to any challenges and you completely lose track of time. The first thing that came to mind is when I'm doing crafty projects, but I feel it sometimes at work when I'm really interested in what I'm doing. All in all, a really interesting book. I hope my company takes note. :)

  23. 5 out of 5

    Nguyên ngộ ngộ

    Cuốn sách này viết về gì? Một cuộc cách mạng về cách cổ vũ động viên người khác trải qua 3 giai đoạn - Hệ 1.0 - động lực sinh học: thỏa mãn được mấy nhu cầu cơ bản nhất của con người: ăn, uống, ngủ nghỉ, tình dục, lương thưởng... - Hệ 2.0 - động lực ngoại vi: động lực kiểu "cây gậy và củ cà rốt", tốt thì thưởng, sai thì phạt - Hệ 3.0 - động lực nội tại: xuất phát từ 3 gốc rễ: quyền tự trị, sự làm chủ, và mục đích ý nghĩa. Cuốn sách xoay quanh những nhược điểm trong hệ 2.0 - điều gì khiến "cây gậy và Cuốn sách này viết về gì? Một cuộc cách mạng về cách cổ vũ động viên người khác trải qua 3 giai đoạn - Hệ 1.0 - động lực sinh học: thỏa mãn được mấy nhu cầu cơ bản nhất của con người: ăn, uống, ngủ nghỉ, tình dục, lương thưởng... - Hệ 2.0 - động lực ngoại vi: động lực kiểu "cây gậy và củ cà rốt", tốt thì thưởng, sai thì phạt - Hệ 3.0 - động lực nội tại: xuất phát từ 3 gốc rễ: quyền tự trị, sự làm chủ, và mục đích ý nghĩa. Cuốn sách xoay quanh những nhược điểm trong hệ 2.0 - điều gì khiến "cây gậy và củ cà rốt" lỗi thời trong thời đại NÃO PHẢI ngày nay và được nâng cấp bằng hệ 3.0. Bên cạnh đó, sách vạch rõ 9 chiến thuật áp dụng cụ thể hệ 3.0 Tại sao nên đọc cuốn sách này? Mình đọc cuốn này bởi vì muốn làm một nhóm đọc sách, lục lọi moi móc ra cách để tạo, giữ và push nhóm. Những nhận thức mới Lâu nay mình đang chạy hệ điều hành 2.0, làm giỏi thì tao thưởng, làm ngu thì tao quất đít. Nên có nhiều mối quan hệ bằng mặt không bằng lòng và dần dần tan mất. Kích người khác làm, lấy những động lực bên ngoài không lâu dài và bền vững được. Họ phải tự có động lực nội tại bằng cách trao cho họ 3 quyền: tự trị, làm chủ, mục đích ý nghĩa. Trước khi đọc sách, mình dự định tạo một nhóm bạn để cùng tiến, nên trong đầu mình sợ các bạn sẽ không còn hứng thú, động lực đi với nhau lâu dài, mình cứ hỏi xoay quần trong đầu cái câu này: LÀM SAO ĐỂ ĐỘNG VIÊN NGƯỜI KHÁC? Sau khi đọc xong, mình á đù một phát và nhận ra...mình sai ngay từ câu hỏi. Dành công sức khích lệ người khác là mất thời gian vô ích. Nếu tìm đúng người, họ sẽ tự biết cách tạo động lực cho mình, khi đó câu hỏi sẽ là "chúng ta sẽ quản lý sao để họ KHÔNG mất đi động lực của họ" Mình nghĩ 1 chút rồi... à há! Bản thân dưới góc nhìn của hệ động lực 3.0, thì mỗi người đã có một ĐỘNG LỰC NỘI TẠI rồi, họ ắt sẽ bộc lộ chứ không nhất thiết phải "nếu thế này... thì mày được cái này" Một cuốn sách hay là cuốn mang tới những nhận thức mới, để dẫn đến những hành động mới rồi tạo ra kết quả mới. Nên tao cho mi 5 sao!

  24. 5 out of 5

    Klinta

    This book was a really exciting read, it covered research into motivational field and opinions and theories of experts in psychology and business. It is rare that a textbook type of book captions my attention so much that I don't really want to read anything else, but this one did so. In many of the situations and models described I saw myself, my flaws and actually got motivated to change something in my life. I don't really know, how long the motivation will last though. What also helped is th This book was a really exciting read, it covered research into motivational field and opinions and theories of experts in psychology and business. It is rare that a textbook type of book captions my attention so much that I don't really want to read anything else, but this one did so. In many of the situations and models described I saw myself, my flaws and actually got motivated to change something in my life. I don't really know, how long the motivation will last though. What also helped is that in the book many people's research I have learned about in my educational studies were covered, which helped me with the read and also made me see that education is developing and evolving and at some point will be able to at least partially adjust to the modern society's needs and psychology. It was a slow read for me, because I read it on my way in train and that gave me the opportunity to think a lot about what I read. But because of that the summary at the end of the book was really boring for me. Wanted to snatch away a star for that, but decided to stay on four stars.

  25. 5 out of 5

    Irene McHugh

    After watching Pink’s TED Talk years ago, I enthusiastically added Drive to my list of books to read. This book was such a disappointment. Watch the talk and read the first chapter. Then bail before his incessant jargon rehashing studies other researchers have conducted numbs your mind.

  26. 4 out of 5

    Chad Warner

    An intriguing investigation of the factors that motivate people. Pink shows that science has learned much about motivation, but business and education still follow outdated models. The old systems of rewards and punishments are no longer effective for today’s non-routine, creative, conceptual work. People need a sense of autonomy, mastery, and purpose. Pink divides human history into three “operating systems” of motivation: Motivation 1.0: People are driven by their biological urges: hunger, thirs An intriguing investigation of the factors that motivate people. Pink shows that science has learned much about motivation, but business and education still follow outdated models. The old systems of rewards and punishments are no longer effective for today’s non-routine, creative, conceptual work. People need a sense of autonomy, mastery, and purpose. Pink divides human history into three “operating systems” of motivation: Motivation 1.0: People are driven by their biological urges: hunger, thirst, sex, survival. Motivation 2.0: People are given external rewards and punishment to enforce compliance; the “carrot and stick” model. Motivation 3.0: People are empowered to follow their intrinsic motivation and desire for purpose. The goal is engagement; to achieve flow, the state of being “in the zone”, and mastery. The book refers to several management styles that have developed since the Industrial Revolution. It then explains the three factors of motivation: autonomy, mastery, and purpose. It explores autonomy further, explaining that people should be free to choose their task (work), time (schedule), technique (work style), and team (people they work with). Pink divides people into Type X (extrinsically motivated) and Type I (intrinsically motivated), and describes research showing that Type I people are generally more successful. He compares “purpose goals” and “profit goals”, and explains that people striving for purpose have higher self-esteem and lower anxiety and stress than those pursuing profit. Rewards are a major theme in the book. Pink shows that “if, then” rewards (“if you do this, then you’ll be rewarded”) may be effective in the short term, but are detrimental in the long term. In their place, he recommends “now that” rewards: “now that you’ve done this, you’re being rewarded”. These responsive rewards play off a person’s intrinsic motivation rather than wielding extrinsic motivators like a whip. I liked the point that rewards can turn play into work, but focusing on mastery can turn work into play. Thus, a hobby that turns into a job often loses its appeal. Alternatively, a person who truly loves his work and strives to master it finds himself “in the zone”, enjoying it as much as he would a hobby. I recommend this book to anyone interested in understanding human motivation and what drives workers, volunteers, hobbyists, and schoolchildren.

  27. 5 out of 5

    Rohan

    I think the whole book could've been wrapped up in one or two chapters. I really get what Author is trying to say and it is important that Governments, Corporations understand that not everything that their employee (or a person) does for them is because they get paid for it. In fact, I personally believe that most of us deep down do realize that point because otherwise Human Civilization would not have come as far as it has come today. (Look at any major discoveries, inventions of past few cent I think the whole book could've been wrapped up in one or two chapters. I really get what Author is trying to say and it is important that Governments, Corporations understand that not everything that their employee (or a person) does for them is because they get paid for it. In fact, I personally believe that most of us deep down do realize that point because otherwise Human Civilization would not have come as far as it has come today. (Look at any major discoveries, inventions of past few centuries.) I do strongly agree about Author's view of Autonomy and how it positively affects the businesses in the long run. But I have also seen people misuse Autonomy and independence. Strangely, Author did not elaborate much on explaining the other side. Overall, the book is good in terms of the message its trying to convey but somehow it didn't engage me as much as I would've liked it to. Many chapters actually end up repeating more or less the same thing. I think it's a decent one time read. Do not read this book expecting it would start making a difference to your life from next day.

  28. 4 out of 5

    Vince

    I have to confess I didn't really enjoy this book. I wanted to. I certainly enjoy the autonomy my job currently provides and am sympathetic to a book whose agenda is to propagate such. Keyword is propagate, as this book quickly became an annoying parade of unoriginal ideas wrapped in an idealism that didn't honestly deal with the challenges of "setting your workforce free." There's been a lot of intelligent thought on human organization and motivation that isn't usefully dismissed by asserting th I have to confess I didn't really enjoy this book. I wanted to. I certainly enjoy the autonomy my job currently provides and am sympathetic to a book whose agenda is to propagate such. Keyword is propagate, as this book quickly became an annoying parade of unoriginal ideas wrapped in an idealism that didn't honestly deal with the challenges of "setting your workforce free." There's been a lot of intelligent thought on human organization and motivation that isn't usefully dismissed by asserting that "management" is akin to a swearword. Purpose, Autonomy, Mastery - and Flow...yep, I get it and I recognize it and I want it...I wanted it before reading this book, and I don't feel this book really helped me get closer to it or helps me meaningfully implement such in the workplace.

  29. 5 out of 5

    Ethan

    Mediocre at best. Like many pop science writers, Pink regurgitates a bunch of other people's work and tries to put his own spin on it. Unfortunately, nothing in this book is new or even surprising, despite Pink's assertion to the contrary. Pink alternately sneers at the idea of "empowerment" then goes on to basically advocate the exact same thing. The worst part is that the book is written in a salesman's voice. Unsurprisingly, Pink has a whole 'kit' to help people discover their own internal mot Mediocre at best. Like many pop science writers, Pink regurgitates a bunch of other people's work and tries to put his own spin on it. Unfortunately, nothing in this book is new or even surprising, despite Pink's assertion to the contrary. Pink alternately sneers at the idea of "empowerment" then goes on to basically advocate the exact same thing. The worst part is that the book is written in a salesman's voice. Unsurprisingly, Pink has a whole 'kit' to help people discover their own internal motivation. I'm sure he gets paid a lot of money to spout this bullshit in front of large corporate audiences.

  30. 4 out of 5

    Clif Hostetler

    I recommend THIS REVIEW for a description of this book that's better than any review that I might write. This book describes how the usual measures taken to promote motivation in people can have results opposite of what was intended. These unintended consequences have long been demonstrated by psychologists, but businesses and schools have been slow to make use of this information. All the time I was listening to this book I was thinking about how difficult it is to change social situations to ta I recommend THIS REVIEW for a description of this book that's better than any review that I might write. This book describes how the usual measures taken to promote motivation in people can have results opposite of what was intended. These unintended consequences have long been demonstrated by psychologists, but businesses and schools have been slow to make use of this information. All the time I was listening to this book I was thinking about how difficult it is to change social situations to take advantage of the information discussed in this book.

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